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Journal Article

Structure of thioaromatic self-assembled monolayers on gold and silver


Grunze,  M.
Cellular Biophysics, Max Planck Institute for Medical Research, Max Planck Society;

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Frey, S., Stadler, V., Heister, K., Eck, W., Zharnikov, M., Grunze, M., et al. (2001). Structure of thioaromatic self-assembled monolayers on gold and silver. Langmuir, 17(8), 2408-2415. doi:10.1021/la001540c.

Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0001-BD8C-D
Self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) formed from thiophenol, 1,1‘-biphenyl-4-thiol, 1,1‘;4‘,1‘ ‘-terphenyl-4-thiol, and anthracene-2-thiol on polycrystalline Au and Ag were characterized by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and angle-resolved near-edge X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy. With the exception of the poorly defined thiophenol film on Au, all thioaromatic molecules were found to form highly oriented and densely packed SAMs on both substrates. The molecular orientation and orientational order of the adsorbed thioaromatic molecules depends on the number of aromatic rings, the substrate, and the rigidity of the aromatic system. The molecules, which on average are slightly inclined with respect to the surface normal, show a less tilted orientation with increasing length of the aromatic chain, and as observed for aliphatic SAMs, they exhibit smaller tilt angles on Ag than on Au. However, the difference in the tilt angles for aromatic SAMs on Au and Ag is smaller than that observed in the aliphatic films. A comparison of the monolayers formed from p-terphenylthiol and anthracenethiol films suggests that a higher molecular rigidity has only a slight effect on the final molecular orientation within the respective SAMs.