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Replication Studies in Economics — How Many and Which Papers Are Chosen for Replication, and Why?

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Mueller-Langer,  Frank
MPI for Innovation and Competition, Max Planck Society;

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Harhoff,  Dietmar
MPI for Innovation and Competition, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Mueller-Langer, F., Fecher, B., Harhoff, D., & Wagner, G. G. (2019). Replication Studies in Economics — How Many and Which Papers Are Chosen for Replication, and Why? Research Policy, 48(1), 62-83. doi:10.1016/j.respol.2018.07.019.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0001-D979-3
Abstract
We investigate how often replication studies are published in empirical economics and what types of journal articles are replicated. We find that between 1974 and 2014 0.1% of publications in the top 50 economics journals were replication studies. We consider the results of published formal replication studies (whether they are negating or reinforcing) and their extent: Narrow replication studies are typically devoted to mere replication of prior work, while scientific replication studies provide a broader analysis. We find evidence that higher-impact articles and articles by authors from leading institutions are more likely to be replicated, whereas the replication probability is lower for articles that appeared in top 5 economics journals. Our analysis also suggests that mandatory data disclosure policies may have a positive effect on the incidence of replication.