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Quantum tomography enhanced through parametric amplification

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Spasibko,  Kirill
Chekhova Research Group, Research Groups, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light, Max Planck Society;
University of Erlangen Nuremberg;

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Chekhova,  Maria V.
Chekhova Research Group, Research Groups, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light, Max Planck Society;
Lomonosov Moscow State University;
University of Erlangen Nuremberg;

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Citation

Knyazev, E., Spasibko, K., Chekhova, M. V., & Khalili, F. Y. (2018). Quantum tomography enhanced through parametric amplification. NEW JOURNAL OF PHYSICS, 20: 013005. doi:10.1088/1367-2630/aa99b4.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0002-09B8-5
Abstract
Quantum tomography is the standard method of reconstructing the Wigner function of quantum states of light by means of balanced homodyne detection. The reconstruction quality strongly depends on the photodetectors quantum efficiency and other losses in the measurement setup. In this article we analyze in detail a protocol of enhanced quantum tomography, proposed by Leonhardt and Paul [1] which allows one to reduce the degrading effect of detection losses. It is based on phase-sensitive parametric amplification, with the phase of the amplified quadrature being scanned synchronously with the local oscillator phase. Although with sufficiently strong amplification the protocol enables overcoming any detection inefficiency, it was so far not implemented in the experiment, probably due to the losses in the amplifier. Here we discuss a possible proof-of-principle experiment with a traveling-wave parametric amplifier. We show that with the state-of-the-art optical elements, the protocol enables high fidelity tomographic reconstruction of bright non-classical states of light. We consider two examples: bright squeezed vacuum and squeezed single-photon state, with the latter being a non-Gaussian state and both strongly affected by the losses.