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Journal Article

Local Hamiltonians for one-dimensional critical models


Nielsen,  Anne E. B.
Max Planck Institute for the Physics of Complex Systems, Max Planck Society;

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Nandy, D. K., Srivatsa, N. S., & Nielsen, A. E. B. (2018). Local Hamiltonians for one-dimensional critical models. Journal of Statistical Mechanics: Theory and Experiment, 2018: 063107. doi:10.1088/1742-5468/aac913.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0001-ECDA-0
Conformal field theory has turned out to be a powerful tool to derive interesting lattice models with analytical ground states. Here, we investigate a class of critical, one-dimensional lattice models of fermions and hardcore bosons related to the Laughlin states. The Hamiltonians of the exact models involve interactions over long distances that are difficult to realize experimentally. This motivates us to study the properties of models with the same type of interactions, but now only between nearest and possibly next-nearest neighbor sites. Based on computations of wavefunction overlaps, entanglement entropies, and two-site correlation functions for systems of up to 32 sites, we find that the ground state is close to the ground state of the exact model. There is also a high overlap per site between the lowest excited states for the local and the exact models, although the energies of the low-lying excited states are modified to some extent for the system sizes considered. We also briefly discuss possibilities for realizing the local models in ultracold atoms in optical lattices.