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Journal Article

Record-breaking statistics near second-order phase transitions


Biswas,  Soumyajyoti
Group Pattern formation in the geosciences, Department of Dynamics of Complex Fluids, Max Planck Institute for Dynamics and Self-Organization, Max Planck Society;

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Kundu, M., Mukherjee, S., & Biswas, S. (2018). Record-breaking statistics near second-order phase transitions. Physical Review E, 98(2): 022103. doi:10.1103/PhysRevE.98.022103.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0001-ED1D-5
When a quantity reaches a value higher (or lower) than its value at any time before, it is said to have made a record. We numerically study the statistical properties of records in the time series of order parameters in different models near their critical points. Specifically, we choose the transversely driven Edwards-Wilkinson model for interface depinning in (1+1) dimensions and the Ising model in two dimensions, as paradigmatic and simple examples of nonequilibrium and equilibrium critical behaviors, respectively. The total number of record-breaking events in the time series of the order parameters of the models show maxima when the system is near criticality. The number of record-breaking events and associated quantities, such as the distribution of the waiting time between successive record events, show power-law scaling near the critical point. The exponent values are specific to the universality classes of the respective models. Such behaviors near criticality can be used as a precursor to imminent criticality, i.e., abrupt and catastrophic changes in the system. Due to the extreme nature of the records, its measurements are relatively free of detection errors and thus provide a clear signal regarding the state of the system in which they are measured.