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Journal Article

The impact of migration on intergenerational solidarity types


Baykara-Krumme,  Helen
Socio-Cultural Diversity, MPI for the Study of Religious and Ethnic Diversity, Max Planck Society;

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Baykara-Krumme, H., & Fokkema, T. (2018). The impact of migration on intergenerational solidarity types. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 1-21. doi:10.1080/1369183X.2018.1485203.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0001-F4BC-8
This paper aims to expand knowledge on the effects of aninternational migration on parent–adult child relationships. Wedevelop a typology, include non-migrants in the country of originfor comparison, and consider transnational families. Analyses arebased on the Turkish 2000 Families Study, using information ofadult non-co-resident children about their relationships with theirparents. The research questions are: Do intergenerational solidaritytypes in migrant families reflect the patterns prevalent in the origincontext or migration-specific adjustments? Do solidarity types ofmigrants differ, depending on whether they are transnational, offirst- or second-generation children? Are differences due tocomposition effects? Latent class analysis shows four solidaritytypes. Their prevalence differs remarkably across the migrantgroups. The proportion of the full-solidarity type is larger and thatof the autonomous type is smaller in the relationships offirst- andsecond-generation children with their migrant parents than amongstayer dyads in Turkey. In transnational relationships, there is lessfull solidarity, and autonomous relationships are more likely. Allmigrant groups display less advice-oriented and more material-oriented support relationships. These results indicate strongerintergenerational cohesion in non-transnational migrant familiesand few changes across migrant generations. The observeddifferences are not due to composition effects.