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Between foraging and farming: strategic responses to the Holocene Thermal Maximum in Southeast Asia

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Tromp,  Monica
Archaeology, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Oxenham, M. F., Trinh, H. H., Willis, A., Jones, R. K., Domett, K., Castillo, C., et al. (2018). Between foraging and farming: strategic responses to the Holocene Thermal Maximum in Southeast Asia. Antiquity, 92(364), 940-957. doi:DOI: 10.15184/aqy.2018.69.


Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0001-F79B-A
Abstract
Large, ‘complex’ pre-Neolithic hunter-gatherer communities thrived in southern China and northern Vietnam, contemporaneous with the expansion of farming. Research at Con Co Ngua in Vietnam suggests that such hunter-gatherer populations shared characteristics with early farming communities: high disease loads, pottery, complex mortuary practices and access to stable sources of carbohydrates and protein. The substantive difference was in the use of domesticated plants and animals—effectively representing alternative responses to optimal climatic conditions. The work here suggests that the supposed correlation between farming and a decline in health may need to be reassessed.