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Understanding what is said in human communication

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von Kriegstein,  Katharina
Max Planck Research Group Neural Mechanisms of Human Communication, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society;
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von Kriegstein, K. (2018). Understanding what is said in human communication. Talk presented at SAlzburg Mind-Brain Annual Meeting (SAMBA). Centre for Cognitive Neuroscience (CCNS) at the University of Salzburg. 2018-07-12 - 2018-07-13.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0002-0734-C
Abstract
Understanding what is said from auditory speech is one of the main tasks that the brain is faced with in human communication. Current neuroscientific models for speech processing mostly focus on auditory and language regions to explain speech recognition. However, our research has shown, that the brain uses even more complex processing strategies for recognising auditory speech, that is the recruitment of dedicated visual face areas, of voice-sensitive areas, as well as subcortical sensory thalamus structures. In my talk I will focus on the contribution of subcortical sensory thalamus structures to speech recognition. I will review neuroimaging findings from neurotypical participants as well as developmental dyslexics that suggest a major role of the sensory thalami in speech recognition. I will also integrate these findings into a novel view of how cerebral cortex areas interact with subcortical sensory pathway structures to optimise speech recognition.