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Journal Article

Old knowledge and new technologies allow rapid development of model organisms.


Lenart,  P.
Research Group of Cytoskeletal Dynamics in Oocytes, MPI for Biophysical Chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Cook, C. E., Chenevert, J., Larsson, T. A., Arendt, D., Houliston, E., Lenart, P., et al. (2016). Old knowledge and new technologies allow rapid development of model organisms. Molecular Biology of the Cell, 27(6), 882-887. doi:10.1091/mbc.e15-10-0682.

Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0002-0E79-8
Until recently the set of “model” species used commonly for cell biology was limited to a small number of well-understood organisms, and developing a new model was prohibitively expensive or time-consuming. With the current rapid advances in technology, in particular low-cost high-throughput sequencing, it is now possible to develop molecular resources fairly rapidly. Wider sampling of biological diversity can only accelerate progress in addressing cellular mechanisms and shed light on how they are adapted to varied physiological contexts. Here we illustrate how historical knowledge and new technologies can reveal the potential of nonconventional organisms, and we suggest guidelines for selecting new experimental models. We also present examples of nonstandard marine metazoan model species that have made important contributions to our understanding of biological processes.