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Reactivity Determinants in Electrodeposited Cu Foams for Electrochemical CO2 Reduction

MPS-Authors

Scholten,  Fabian
Interface Science, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

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Bergmann,  Arno
Interface Science, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

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Roldan Cuenya,  Beatriz
Interface Science, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;
Department of Physics, Ruhr-University Bochum, 44780 Bochum, Germany;

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Citation

Klingan, K., Kottakkat, T., Jovanov, Z. P., Jiang, S., Pasquini, C., Scholten, F., et al. (2018). Reactivity Determinants in Electrodeposited Cu Foams for Electrochemical CO2 Reduction. ChemSusChem, 11. doi:10.1002/cssc.201801582.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0002-5152-6
Abstract
CO2 reduction is of significant interest for the production of nonfossil fuels. The reactivity of eight Cu foams with substantially different morphologies was comprehensively investigated by analysis of the product spectrum and in situ electrochemical spectroscopies (X‐ray absorption near edge structure, extended X‐ray absorption fine structure, X‐ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and Raman spectroscopy). The approach provided new insight into the reactivity determinants: The morphology, stable Cu oxide phases, and *CO poisoning of the H2 formation reaction are not decisive; the electrochemically active surface area influences the reactivity trends; macroscopic diffusion limits the proton supply, resulting in pronounced alkalization at the CuCat surfaces (operando Raman spectroscopy). H2 and CH4 formation was suppressed by macroscopic buffer alkalization, whereas CO and C2H4 formation still proceeded through a largely pH‐independent mechanism. C2H4 was formed from two CO precursor species, namely adsorbed *CO and dissolved CO present in the foam cavities.