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Influence of Spin-Orbit Coupling in Iron-Based Superconductors

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Michiardi,  M.
Physics of Correlated Matter, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Day, R. P., Levy, G., Michiardi, M., Zwartsenberg, B., Zonno, M., Ji, F., et al. (2018). Influence of Spin-Orbit Coupling in Iron-Based Superconductors. Physical Review Letters, 121(7): 076401, pp. 1-5. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.121.076401.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0002-11FC-F
Abstract
We report on the influence of spin-orbit coupling (SOC) in Fe-based superconductors via application of circularly polarized spin and angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy. We combine this technique in representative members of both the Fe-pnictides (LiFeAs) and Fe-chalcogenides (FeSe) with tight-binding calculations to establish an ubiquitous modification of the electronic structure in these materials imbued by SOC. At low energy, the influence of SOC is found to be concentrated on the hole pockets, where the largest superconducting gaps are typically found. This effect varies substantively with the k(z) dispersion, and in FeSe we find SOC to be comparable to the energy scale of orbital order. These results contest descriptions of superconductivity in these materials in terms of pure spin-singlet eigenstates, raising questions regarding the possible pairing mechanisms and role of SOC therein.