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Multi-octave supercontinuum generation in YAG pumped by mid-infrared, multi-picosecond pulses

MPS-Authors
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Cheng,  Siqi
Miller Group, Atomically Resolved Dynamics Department, Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter, Max Planck Society;
Department of Physics, University of Hamburg;

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Chatterjee,  G.
Miller Group, Atomically Resolved Dynamics Department, Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter, Max Planck Society;

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Tellkamp,  F.
Machine Physics, Scientific Service Units, Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter, Max Planck Society;

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Miller,  R. J. D.
Miller Group, Atomically Resolved Dynamics Department, Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter, Max Planck Society;
Centre for Ultrafast Imaging (CUI), Universität Hamburg;
Departments of Chemistry and Physics, University of Toronto;

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Citation

Cheng, S., Chatterjee, G., Tellkamp, F., Ruehl, A., & Miller, R. J. D. (2018). Multi-octave supercontinuum generation in YAG pumped by mid-infrared, multi-picosecond pulses. Optics Letters, 43(18), 4329-4332. doi:10.1364/OL.43.004329.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0002-1353-B
Abstract
High-energy, multi-octave supercontinuum (SC) generation in bulk media pumped with picosecond pulses in the mid-infrared, though pivotal in a myriad of applications, poses severe constraints due to wavelength scaling of the critical power criterion and the propensity to induce avalanche-ionization-seeded breakdown mechanisms. Here, we demonstrate a simple experimental geometry, relying on a very low numerical aperture for the pump pulse, and a crystal length commensurate with the Rayleigh length of the focusing geometry, generating a multi-octave, stable SC in yttrium aluminum garnet (YAG). The SC ranges from 500 nm to 3.5 μm (measured at −30  dB with spectral components at wavelengths up to 4.5 μm) when pumped by a 3 ps pulse centered at 2.05 μm in the anomalous dispersion regime. We also investigate the dynamics of filament formation in this interaction regime by monitoring the spectral and temporal evolution of the pulse during its propagation through the length of the crystal.