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Live cell X-ray imaging of autophagic vacuoles formation and chromatin dynamics in fission yeast.

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Strelnikova, N., Sauter, N., Guizar-Sicairos, M., Göllner, M., Diaz, A., Delivani, P., et al. (2017). Live cell X-ray imaging of autophagic vacuoles formation and chromatin dynamics in fission yeast. Scientific reports, 7(1): 13775. doi:10.1038/s41598-017-13175-9.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0002-8C61-3
Abstract
Seeing physiological processes at the nanoscale in living organisms without labeling is an ultimate goal in life sciences. Using X-ray ptychography, we explored in situ the dynamics of unstained, living fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe cells in natural, aqueous environment at the nanoscale. In contrast to previous X-ray imaging studies on biological matter, in this work the eukaryotic cells were alive even after several ptychographic X-ray scans, which allowed us to visualize the chromatin motion as well as the autophagic cell death induced by the ionizing radiation. The accumulated radiation of the sequential scans allowed for the determination of a characteristic dose of autophagic vacuole formation and the lethal dose for fission yeast. The presented results demonstrate a practical method that opens another way of looking at living biological specimens and processes in a time-resolved label-free setting.