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Perturbation theory of optical resonances of deformed dielectric spheres

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Aiello,  Andrea
Marquardt Division, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light, Max Planck Society;
Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Institut für Theoretische Physik;

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Marquardt,  Florian
Marquardt Division, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light, Max Planck Society;
Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Institut für Theoretische Physik;

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PhysRevA.100.023837.pdf
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2018_Aiello_Perturbation_Theory.png
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Citation

Aiello, A., Harris, J. G. E., & Marquardt, F. (2019). Perturbation theory of optical resonances of deformed dielectric spheres. Physical Review A, 100(2): 023837. doi:10.1103/PhysRevA.100.023837.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0002-181D-4
Abstract
We analyze the optical resonances of a dielectric sphere whose surface has been slightly deformed in an arbitrary way. Setting up a perturbation series up to second order, we derive both the frequency shifts and modified linewidths. Our theory is applicable, for example, to freely levitated liquid drops or solid spheres, which are deformed by thermal surface vibrations, centrifugal forces or arbitrary surface waves. A dielectric sphere is effectively an open system whose description requires the introduction of non-Hermitian operators characterized by complex eigenvalues and not normalizable eigenfunctions. We avoid these difficulties using the Kapur-Peierls formalism which enables us to extend the popular Rayleigh-Schrödinger perturbation theory to the case of electromagnetic Debye's potentials describing the light fields inside and outside the near-spherical dielectric object. We find analytical formulas, valid within certain limits, for the deformation-induced first- and second-order corrections to the central frequency and bandwidth of a resonance. As an application of our method, we compare our results with preexisting ones finding full agreement.