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Journal Article

Quantum nondemolition measurement of mechanical motion quanta

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Marquardt,  Florian
Marquardt Division, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light, Max Planck Society;
Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Institut für Theoretische Physik;

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Fulltext (public)

s41467-018-06070-y.pdf
(Publisher version), 2MB

Supplementary Material (public)

2018_Dellantonio_NondemolitonMeasurement.png
(Supplementary material), 66KB

Citation

Dellantonio, L., Kyriienko, O., Marquardt, F., & Sørensen, A. S. (2018). Quantum nondemolition measurement of mechanical motion quanta. Nature Communications, 9: 3621. doi:10.1038/s41467-018-06070-y.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0002-182F-0
Abstract
The fields of optomechanics and electromechanics have facilitated numerous advances in the areas of precision measurement and sensing, ultimately driving the studies of mechanical systems into the quantum regime. To date, however, the quantization of the mechanical motion and the associated quantum jumps between phonon states remains elusive. For optomechanical systems, the coupling to the environment was shown to make the detection of the mechanical mode occupation difficult, typically requiring the single-photon strong-coupling regime. Here, we propose and analyse an electromechanical setup, which allows us to overcome this limitation and resolve the energy levels of a mechanical oscillator. We found that the heating of the membrane, caused by the interaction with the environment and unwanted couplings, can be suppressed for carefully designed electromechanical systems. The results suggest that phonon number measurement is within reach for modern electromechanical setups.