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Fluorescence of 4-(diisopropylamino)benzonitrile (DIABN) single crystals from 300 K down to 5 K. Intramolecular charge transfer disappears below 60 K.

MPG-Autoren
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Zachariasse,  K. A.
Emeritus Group of Spectroscopy and Photochemical Kinetics, MPI for Biophysical Chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Druzhinin,  S. I.
Department of Spectroscopy and Photochemical Kinetics, MPI for biophysical chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Zitation

Zachariasse, K. A., Druzhinin, S. I., Morawski, O., & Kozankiewicz, B. (2018). Fluorescence of 4-(diisopropylamino)benzonitrile (DIABN) single crystals from 300 K down to 5 K. Intramolecular charge transfer disappears below 60 K. The Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 122(35), 6985-6996. doi:10.1021/acs.jpca.8b06349.


Zitierlink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0002-4734-4
Zusammenfassung
Single crystals of 4-(diisopropylamino)benzonitrile (DIABN) undergo an intramolecular charge transfer (ICT) reaction in the excited singlet state. At 300 K, the fluorescence consists of emissions from the locally excited (LE) and from the ICT state. Upon cooling to 5 K, the ICT fluorescence intensity gradually decreases relative to that of the LE emission and is absent below 60 K. With crystalline 4-(dimethylamino)benzonitrile (DMABN), in contrast, only LE emission is found over the entire range from 300 to 5 K. The phosphorescence spectra of the DIABN and the DMABN crystals do not present any evidence for an additional ICT emission, showing that ICT does not occur in the triplet state. An activation energy E-a of similar to 4 kJ/mol is determined for the LE -> ICT reaction of DIABN crystals, from the temperature dependence of the fluorescence decay times tau(2) and tau(1) E-a is attributed to changes in the molecular conformation of DIABN other than a full rotation of the large diisopropylamino group with respect to the benzonitrile moiety. In a comparison with crystal and solution data, literature results from transient vibrational and absorption spectra are discussed and it is concluded that they cannot be employed to favor the TICT (perpendicular twist) over the PICT (planar) model for DIABN and DMABN.