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Modulation of neural discharges and local field potentials in the macaque prefrontal cortex during binocular rivalry

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Kapoor,  V
Department Physiology of Cognitive Processes, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;
Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;

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Dwarakanath,  A
Department Physiology of Cognitive Processes, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;
Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;

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Safavi,  S
Department Physiology of Cognitive Processes, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;
Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;

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Werner,  J
Department Physiology of Cognitive Processes, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;
Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;

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Logothetis,  NK
Department Physiology of Cognitive Processes, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;
Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Panagiotaropoulos, F., Kapoor, V., Dwarakanath, A., Safavi, S., Werner, J., Hatsopoulos, N., et al. (2018). Modulation of neural discharges and local field potentials in the macaque prefrontal cortex during binocular rivalry. Poster presented at 48th Annual Meeting of the Society for Neuroscience (Neuroscience 2018), San Diego, CA, USA.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0002-6083-D
Abstract
In binocular rivalry, our perception alternates spontaneously between mutually exclusive or mixed interpretations, although the physical stimulus remains constant. This enables us to study visual consciousness, as it allows a dissociation of sensory processing and conscious perception. Previous BOLD fMRI imaging studies in humans have implicated the role of the fronto-parietal network in mediating perceptual alternations. However, the extent of and the nature of these modulations has been argued to reflect consequences of conscious perception, like introspection, monitoring and decision making. To resolve this issue we used a no-report binocular rivalry paradigm of vertically moving gratings, based on an Optokinetic Nystagmus (OKN) read-out of the content of consciousness. We show that slow cortical states in the delta-theta (1-9 Hz), and beta (20-40 Hz) regimes coupled via their up and down states, in the prefrontal cortex, are predictive of an upcoming change only when the percept switches spontaneously, but not physically. Physical transitions in the animal’s percept manifest themselves strongly post-switch in the same oscillatory range. Moreover, we also show a clear dissociation between the change in the polarity of the OKN and this slow-state activity preceding a spontaneous transition. Furthermore, we found robust modulation in visually selective spiking activity recorded from the prefrontal cortex contingent on the animal’s perception. The magnitude of these modulations was comparable to the activity elicited in response to presentation of monocular visual input. Taken together, these results strongly suggest that oscillatory activity in the prefrontal cortex plays a central role in refreshing the content of visual consciousness and spiking activity is modulated in accordance with conscious perception in a no report binocular rivalry paradigm.