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Combining deep learning and active contours opens the way to robust, automated analysis of brain cytoarchitectonics

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Thierbach,  Konstantin
Department Neurophysics (Weiskopf), MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society;

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Bazin,  Pierre-Louis
Department Neurophysics (Weiskopf), MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society;
University of Amsterdam, the Netherlands;

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Gavriilidis,  Filippos
Department Neurophysics (Weiskopf), MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society;

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Kirilina,  Evgeniya
Department Neurophysics (Weiskopf), MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society;
Center for Cognitive Neuroscience Berlin (CCNB), FU Berlin, Germany;

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Jäger,  Carsten
Department Neurophysics (Weiskopf), MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society;

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Geyer,  Stefan
Department Neurophysics (Weiskopf), MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society;

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Weiskopf,  Nikolaus
Department Neurophysics (Weiskopf), MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society;

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Scherf,  Nico
Department Neurophysics (Weiskopf), MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Thierbach, K., Bazin, P.-L., de Back, W., Gavriilidis, F., Kirilina, E., Jäger, C., et al. (2018). Combining deep learning and active contours opens the way to robust, automated analysis of brain cytoarchitectonics. In Machine Learning in Medical Imaging 2018 (pp. 179-187). Cham: Springer. doi:10.1007/978-3-030-00919-9_21.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0002-60B8-2
Abstract
Deep learning has thoroughly changed the field of image analysis yielding impressive results whenever enough annotated data can be gathered. While partial annotation can be very fast, manual segmentation of 3D biological structures is tedious and error-prone. Additionally, high-level shape concepts such as topology or boundary smoothness are hard if not impossible to encode in Feedforward Neural Networks. Here we present a modular strategy for the accurate segmentation of neural cell bodies from light-sheet microscopy combining mixed-scale convolutional neural networks and topology-preserving geometric deformable models. We show that the network can be trained efficiently from simple cell centroid annotations, and that the final segmentation provides accurate cell detection and smooth segmentations that do not introduce further cell splitting or merging.