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Fisheries' Collapse and the Making of a Global Event, 1950s–1970s

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Ferguson-Cradler,  Gregory
Ökonomisierung des Sozialen und gesellschaftliche Komplexität, MPI for the Study of Societies, Max Planck Society;

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Ferguson-Cradler, G. (2018). Fisheries' Collapse and the Making of a Global Event, 1950s–1970s. Journal of Global History, 13(3), 399-424. doi:10.1017/S1740022818000219.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0002-72B5-1
Abstract
This article analyses three fisheries crises in the post-war world – the Far East Asian Kamchatka salmon in the late 1950s, the north Atlantic Atlanto-Scandian herring of the late 1960s, and the Peruvian anchoveta of the early 1970s – to understand how each instance came to be understood as a ‘collapse’ in widely differing contexts and institutional settings, and how these crises led to changes in practices of natural resource administration and in politico-economic structures of the fishing industry. Fishery collapses were broadly understood as state failures and, in response, individual states increasingly claimed sovereignty over fish stocks and the responsibility to administer their exploitation. Collapses thus became events critical in the remaking of management regimes. Furthermore, the concept of a fisheries collapse was reconfigured in the 1970s into a global issue, representing the possible future threat of depletion of the oceans on a planetary scale.