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Journal Article

Dynamical Quantum Phase Transitions: A Geometric Picture


Halimeh,  Jad C.
Max Planck Institute for the Physics of Complex Systems, Max Planck Society;

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Lang, J., Frank, B., & Halimeh, J. C. (2018). Dynamical Quantum Phase Transitions: A Geometric Picture. Physical Review Letters, 121(13): 130603. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.121.130603.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0002-74D1-F
The Loschmidt echo is a purely quantum-mechanical quantity whose determination for large quantum many-body systems requires an exceptionally precise knowledge of all eigenstates and eigenenergies. One might therefore be tempted to dismiss the applicability of any approximations to the underlying time evolution as hopeless. However, using the fully connected transverse-field Ising model as an example, we show that this indeed is not the case and that a simple semiclassical approximation to systems well described by mean-field theory is, in fact, in good quantitative agreement with the exact quantum-mechanical calculation. Beyond the potential to capture the entire dynamical phase diagram of these models, the method presented here also allows for an intuitive geometric interpretation of the fidelity return rate at any temperature, thereby connecting the order parameter dynamics and the Loschmidt echo in a common framework. Videos of the postquench dynamics provided in Supplemental Material visualize this new point of view.