English
 
User Manual Privacy Policy Disclaimer Contact us
  Advanced SearchBrowse

Item

ITEM ACTIONSEXPORT

Released

Journal Article

Modelling climate and societal resilience in the Eastern Mediterranean in the last millennium

MPS-Authors
/persons/resource/persons221795

Izdebski,  Adam
Palaeo-Science and History, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society;

External Ressource
No external resources are shared
Fulltext (public)

shh1127.pdf
(Publisher version), 10MB

Supplementary Material (public)
There is no public supplementary material available
Citation

Xoplaki, E., Luterbacher, J., Wagner, S., Zorita, E., Fleitmann, D., Preiser-Kapeller, J., et al. (2018). Modelling climate and societal resilience in the Eastern Mediterranean in the last millennium. Human Ecology: an interdisciplinary journal, 46(3), 363-379. doi:10.1007/s10745-018-9995-9.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0002-890F-4
Abstract
This article analyses high-quality hydroclimate proxy records and spatial reconstructions from the Central and Eastern Mediterranean and compares them with two Earth System Model simulations (CCSM4, MPI-ESM-P) for the Crusader period in the Levant (1095–1290 CE), the Mamluk regime in Transjordan (1260–1516 CE) and the Ottoman crisis and Celâlî Rebellion (1580–1610 CE). During the three time intervals, environmental and climatic stress tested the resilience of complex societies. We find that the multidecadal precipitation and drought variations in the Central and Eastern Mediterranean cannot be explained by external forcings (solar variations, tropical volcanism); rather they were driven by internal climate dynamics. Our research emphasises the challenges, opportunities and limitations of linking proxy records, palaeoreconstructions and model simulations to better understand how climate can affect human history.