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Neuronal glutamatergic changes and peripheral markers of cytoskeleton dynamics change synchronically 24 h after sub-anaesthetic dose of ketamine in healthy subjects

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Walter,  M
Department High-Field Magnetic Resonance, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;
Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Colic, L., McDonnell, C., Li, M., Woelfer, M., Liebe, T., Kretzschmar, M., et al. (2019). Neuronal glutamatergic changes and peripheral markers of cytoskeleton dynamics change synchronically 24 h after sub-anaesthetic dose of ketamine in healthy subjects. Behavioural Brain Research, 359, 312-319. doi:10.1016/j.bbr.2018.10.021.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0002-97BC-0
Abstract
Ketamine acts as a rapid–acting antidepressant by restoring glutamatergic deficits and activating synaptic plasticity processes, with peak activity 24 h after infusion. Microtubule dynamics are known to play a key role in modulation of cytoskeleton and synaptic plasticity, as well as in signalling events in peripheral blood cells. Here, we correlated ketamine-induced change in glutamate/creatinine (Glu/Cr) levels in the pregenual anterior cingulate cortex (pgACC) with peripheral markers of microtubule dynamics, namely acetylated α-tubulin (Acet-Tub), with particular attention to gender specificity. Eighty healthy controls (age = 25.89 ± 5.29, 33 women) were administered intravenous infusion of either ketamine (0.5 mg/kg) or placebo (saline). Blood samples were obtained at baseline and 24 h after infusion and plasma levels of Acet-Tub and transferrin (TRF; loading control) were measured via infrared western blotting. Glu/Cr levels were measured via high-field (7 T) proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy [1H-MRS] in the pgACC at the same time points. Gender differences were observed in baseline Acet–Tub/TRF levels (p < 0.001), and an interaction of time by treatment by gender (F = 5.13, p = 0.027) was found, with a significant increase in Acet–Tub/TRF for ketamine group in females only (p = 0.038). Ketamine-induced gender-independent Glu/Cr changes at 24 h (F(1, 69) = 4.08, p = 0.047), and changes in the pgACC were negatively correlated with the Acet-Tub/TRF expression (r= -0.464, p = 0.010) in the ketamine group, in which, separated by sex, only women showed significant correlation. Our findings indicate a temporal association between changes in central ketamine-induced glutamatergic effects and peripheral markers of cytoskeleton reorganization, particularly in females.