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Paper

#### A PTAS for Euclidean TSP with Hyperplane Neighborhoods

##### Fulltext (public)

arXiv:1804.03953.pdf

(Preprint), 242KB

##### Supplementary Material (public)

There is no public supplementary material available

##### Citation

Antoniadis, A., Fleszar, K., Hoeksma, R., & Schewior, K. (2018). A PTAS for Euclidean TSP with Hyperplane Neighborhoods. Retrieved from http://arxiv.org/abs/1804.03953.

Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0002-9F37-E

##### Abstract

In the Traveling Salesperson Problem with Neighborhoods (TSPN), we are given
a collection of geometric regions in some space. The goal is to output a tour
of minimum length that visits at least one point in each region. Even in the
Euclidean plane, TSPN is known to be APX-hard, which gives rise to studying
more tractable special cases of the problem. In this paper, we focus on the
fundamental special case of regions that are hyperplanes in the $d$-dimensional
Euclidean space. This case contrasts the much-better understood case of
so-called fat regions.
While for $d=2$ an exact algorithm with running time $O(n^5)$ is known,
settling the exact approximability of the problem for $d=3$ has been repeatedly
posed as an open question. To date, only an approximation algorithm with
guarantee exponential in $d$ is known, and NP-hardness remains open.
For arbitrary fixed $d$, we develop a Polynomial Time Approximation Scheme
(PTAS) that works for both the tour and path version of the problem. Our
algorithm is based on approximating the convex hull of the optimal tour by a
convex polytope of bounded complexity. Such polytopes are represented as
solutions of a sophisticated LP formulation, which we combine with the
enumeration of crucial properties of the tour. As the approximation guarantee
approaches $1$, our scheme adjusts the complexity of the considered polytopes
accordingly.
In the analysis of our approximation scheme, we show that our search space
includes a sufficiently good approximation of the optimum. To do so, we develop
a novel and general sparsification technique to transform an arbitrary convex
polytope into one with a constant number of vertices and, in turn, into one of
bounded complexity in the above sense. Hereby, we maintain important properties
of the polytope.