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Double‐row 18‐loop transceive–32‐loop receive tight‐fit array provides for whole‐brain coverage, high transmit performance, and SNR improvement near the brain center at 9.4T

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Avdievich,  NI
Research Group MR Spectroscopy and Ultra-High Field Methodology, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;
Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;

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Giapitzakis,  I-A
Research Group MR Spectroscopy and Ultra-High Field Methodology, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;
Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;

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Bause,  J
Department High-Field Magnetic Resonance, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;
Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;

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Shajan,  G
Department High-Field Magnetic Resonance, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;
Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;

/persons/resource/persons84187

Scheffler,  K
Department High-Field Magnetic Resonance, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;
Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;

/persons/resource/persons84402

Henning,  A
Research Group MR Spectroscopy and Ultra-High Field Methodology, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;
Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Avdievich, N., Giapitzakis, I.-A., Bause, J., Shajan, G., Scheffler, K., & Henning, A. (2019). Double‐row 18‐loop transceive–32‐loop receive tight‐fit array provides for whole‐brain coverage, high transmit performance, and SNR improvement near the brain center at 9.4T. Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, 81(5), 3392-3405. doi:10.1002/mrm.27602.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0002-A444-8
Abstract
Purpose To improve the transmit (Tx) and receive (Rx) performance of a human head array and provide whole‐brain coverage at 9.4T, a novel 32‐element array design was developed, constructed, and tested. Methods The array consists of 18 transceiver (TxRx) surface loops and 14 Rx‐only vertical loops all placed in a single layer. The new design combines benefits of both TxRx and transmit‐only–receive‐only (ToRo) designs. The general idea of the design is that the total number of array elements (both TxRx and Rx) should not exceed the number of required Rx elements. First, the necessary number of TxRx loops is placed around the object tightly to optimize the Tx performance. The rest of the elements are loops, which are used only for reception. We also compared the performance of the new array with that of a state‐of‐the‐art ToRo array consisting of 16 Tx‐only loops and 31 Rx‐only loops. Results The new array provides whole‐brain coverage, ~1.5 times greater Tx efficiency and 1.3 times higher SNR near the brain center as compared to the ToRo array, while the latter delivers higher (up to 1.5 times) peripheral SNR. Conclusion In general, the new approach of constructing a single‐layer array consisting of both TxRx‐ and Rx‐only elements simplifies the array construction by minimizing the total number of elements and makes the entire design more robust and, therefore, safe. Overall, our work provides a recipe for a Tx‐ and Rx‐efficient head array coil suitable for parallel transmission and reception as well as whole‐brain imaging at UHF.