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Journal Article

Qubit state detection using the quantum Duffing oscillator

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Leyton, V., Thorwart, M., & Peano, V. (2011). Qubit state detection using the quantum Duffing oscillator. Physical Review B, 84(13). doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.84.134501.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0002-B4D6-1
We introduce a detection scheme for the state of a qubit that is based on resonant few-photon transitions in a driven nonlinear resonator. The latter is parametrically coupled to the qubit and is used as its detector. Close to the fundamental resonator frequency, the nonlinear resonator shows sharp resonant few-photon transitions. Depending on the qubit state, these few-photon resonances are shifted to different driving frequencies. We show that this detection scheme offers the advantage of small back action, a large discrimination power with an enhanced readout fidelity, and a sufficiently large measurement efficiency. A realization of this scheme in the form of a persistent current qubit inductively coupled to a driven SQUID detector in its nonlinear regime is discussed.