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Journal Article

Matrix KP: Tropical limit and Yang–Baxter maps


Müller-Hoissen,  Folkert
Max Planck Institute for Dynamics and Self-Organization, Max Planck Society;

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Dimakis, A., & Müller-Hoissen, F. (2019). Matrix KP: Tropical limit and Yang–Baxter maps. Letters in Mathematical Physics, 109(4), 799-827. doi:10.1007/s11005-018-1127-3.

Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0002-B703-C
We study soliton solutions of matrix Kadomtsev–Petviashvili (KP) equations in a tropical limit, in which their support at fixed time is a planar graph and polarizations are attached to its constituting lines. There is a subclass of “pure line soliton solutions” for which we find that, in this limit, the distribution of polarizations is fully determined by a Yang–Baxter map. For a vector KP equation, this map is given by an R-matrix, whereas it is a nonlinear map in the case of a more general matrix KP equation. We also consider the corresponding Korteweg–deVries reduction. Furthermore, exploiting the fine structure of soliton interactions in the tropical limit, we obtain an apparently new solution of the tetrahedron (or Zamolodchikov) equation. Moreover, a solution of the functional tetrahedron equation arises from the parameter dependence of the vector KP R-matrix.