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Journal Article

Incompressible even denominator fractional quantum Hall states in the zeroth Landau level of monolayer graphene

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Roy,  Bitan
Max Planck Institute for the Physics of Complex Systems, Max Planck Society;

Fulltext (public)

1809.07349.pdf
(Preprint), 149KB

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Citation

Narayanan, S., Roy, B., & Kennett, M. P. (2018). Incompressible even denominator fractional quantum Hall states in the zeroth Landau level of monolayer graphene. Physical Review B, 98(23): 235411. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.98.235411.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0002-BE73-7
Abstract
Incompressible even denominator fractional quantum Hall states at fillings v = +/- 1/2 and v = +/- 1/4 have been recently observed in monolayer graphene. We use a Chern-Simons description of multicomponent fractional quantum Hall states in graphene to investigate the properties of these states and suggest variational wave functions that may describe them. We find that the experimentally observed even denominator fractions and standard odd fractions (such as v = 1/3,2/5, etc.) can be accommodated within the same flux attachment scheme and argue that they may arise from sublattice or chiral symmetry breaking orders (such as charge-density-wave and antiferromagnetism) of composite Dirac fermions, a phenomenon unifying integer and fractional quantum Hall physics for relativistic fermions. We also discuss possible experimental probes that can narrow down the candidate broken symmetry phases for the fractional quantum Hall states in the zeroth Landau level of monolayer graphene.