English
 
User Manual Privacy Policy Disclaimer Contact us
  Advanced SearchBrowse

Item

ITEM ACTIONSEXPORT

Released

Journal Article

Non-invasive monitoring of longitudinal changes in cerebral hemodynamics in acute ischemic stroke using BOLD signal delay

MPS-Authors
/persons/resource/persons215473

Khalil,  Ahmed
Center for Stroke Research, Charité University Medicine Berlin, Germany;
Department Neurology, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society;
MindBrainBody Institute, Berlin School of Mind and Brain, Humboldt University Berlin, Germany;

/persons/resource/persons20065

Villringer,  Arno
Center for Stroke Research, Charité University Medicine Berlin, Germany;
Department Neurology, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society;
MindBrainBody Institute, Berlin School of Mind and Brain, Humboldt University Berlin, Germany;

External Ressource
No external resources are shared
Fulltext (public)
There are no public fulltexts stored in PuRe
Supplementary Material (public)
There is no public supplementary material available
Citation

Khalil, A., Villringer, K., Filleböck, V., Hu, J.-Y., Rocco, A., Fiebach, J. B., et al. (2020). Non-invasive monitoring of longitudinal changes in cerebral hemodynamics in acute ischemic stroke using BOLD signal delay. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism, 40(1), 23-34. doi:10.1177/0271678X18803951.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0002-CFA9-7
Abstract
Relative delays in blood-oxygen-level-dependent (BOLD) signal oscillations can be used to assess cerebral perfusion without using contrast agents. However, little is currently known about the utility of this method in detecting clinically relevant perfusion changes over time. We investigated the relationship between longitudinal BOLD delay changes, vessel recanalization, and reperfusion in 15 acute stroke patients with vessel occlusion examined within 24 h of symptom onset (D0) and one day later (D1). We created BOLD delay maps using time shift analysis of resting-state functional MRI data and quantified perfusion lesion volume changes (using the D1/D0 volume ratio) and severity changes (using a linear mixed model) over time. Between baseline and follow-up, BOLD delay lesions shrank (median D1/D0 ratio = 0.2, IQR = 0.03–0.7) and BOLD delay severity decreased (b = −4.4 s) in patients with recanalization, whereas they grew (median D1/D0 ratio = 1.47, IQR = 1.1–1.7) and became more severe (b = 4.3 s) in patients with persistent vessel occlusion. Clinically relevant changes in cerebral perfusion in early stroke can be detected using BOLD delay, making this non-invasive method a promising option for detecting tissue at risk of infarction and monitoring stroke patients following recanalization therapy.