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Doubly-Excited Helium Strongly Driven with Short and Long Wavelength Pulses

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Magunia,  Alexander
Division Prof. Dr. Thomas Pfeifer, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Magunia, A. (2018). Doubly-Excited Helium Strongly Driven with Short and Long Wavelength Pulses. Master Thesis, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität, Heidelberg.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0002-F1FE-0
Abstract
Within this work, electron dynamics of autoionizing, doubly excited states in helium are investigated. Therefore, strong field couplings of these states are studied in two spectral regimes: in the infrared and in the extreme ultraviolet. A laser system capable of tuning its output-pulses' central wavelength within the infrared spectral regime is installed and characterized by a FROG setup. Furthermore, high harmonics of these output pulses are generated and discussed. First intensity dependent and time resolved experiments in helium with this laser system are presented and supported by numerical calculations. The transition from an unperturbed light induced state, which is generated from the 2p4p state, to a resonant Autler-Townes splitting of the sp2;3+ state is observed. Furthermore, strong field couplings between the ground and a doubly-excited state are studied in the extreme ultraviolet only regime. With the help of simulations Rabi-like couplings and Stark shifts for ultrashort pulses leading to a manipulated absorption line shape are investigated. The same study is carried out for autoionizing states. This theory part is used to explain experimentally measured line-shape changes of the 2s2p resonance in helium interacting with FEL pulses.