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Tuning of a Kagome Magnet: Insulating Ground State in Ga-Substituted Cu4(OH)6Cl2

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Ranjith,  Kizhake Malayil
Physics of Quantum Materials, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids, Max Planck Society;

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Baenitz,  Michael
Michael Baenitz, Physics of Quantum Materials, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Puphal, P., Ranjith, K. M., Pustogow, A., Müller, M., Rogalev, A., Kummer, K., et al. (2019). Tuning of a Kagome Magnet: Insulating Ground State in Ga-Substituted Cu4(OH)6Cl2. Physica Status Solidi B, 1800663, pp. 1-11. doi:doi:10.1002/pssb.201800663.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0003-1A99-4
Abstract
Here, a successful synthesis method of the series GaxCu4–x(OD)6Cl2 with substitutions up to x = 0.8 is presented. The compound remains a frustrated kagome system with an insulating ground state similar to herbertsmithite for these substitutions, as the additional charge of Ga3+ is most likely bound to additional OH− and Cl−. Besides infrared measurements, we present magnetic and specific-heat data down to 2 K for selected samples with 0≤x≤0.8. With increasing x the long-range magnetic order is suppressed, similar to what is observed in the series ZnxCu4–x(OH)6Cl2, indicating that Ga goes predominantly to the inter-plane position of the layered crystal structure. The reduction of the frozen magnetic fraction with increasing substitution is followed by muon spin relaxation (μSR) measurements. 69,71Ga nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) was applied as a local probe for Ga induced disorder. One well resolved Ga NMR line of moderate width is found for each isotope across the phase diagram which indicates a rather homogeneous distribution of the Ga isotopes on a single site in the lattice.