English
 
User Manual Privacy Policy Disclaimer Contact us
  Advanced SearchBrowse

Item

ITEM ACTIONSEXPORT

Released

Journal Article

Elevated brain oxygen extraction fraction measured by MRI susceptibility relates to perfusion status in acute ischemic stroke

MPS-Authors
/persons/resource/persons215473

Khalil,  Ahmed
Center for Stroke Research, Charité University Medicine Berlin, Germany;
Department Neurology, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society;
Berlin School of Mind and Brain, Humboldt University Berlin, Germany;

/persons/resource/persons20065

Villringer,  Arno
Department Neurology, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society;
Berlin School of Mind and Brain, Humboldt University Berlin, Germany;

External Ressource
No external resources are shared
Fulltext (public)
There are no public fulltexts stored in PuRe
Supplementary Material (public)
There is no public supplementary material available
Citation

Fan, A. P., Khalil, A., Fiebach, J. B., Zaharchuk, G., Villringer, A., Villringer, K., et al. (2019). Elevated brain oxygen extraction fraction measured by MRI susceptibility relates to perfusion status in acute ischemic stroke. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism. doi:10.1177/0271678X19827944.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0003-1B45-2
Abstract
Recent clinical trials of new revascularization therapies in acute ischemic stroke have highlighted the importance of physiological imaging to identify optimal treatments for patients. Oxygen extraction fraction (OEF) is a hallmark of at-risk tissue in stroke, and can be quantified from the susceptibility effect of deoxyhemoglobin molecules in venous blood on MRI phase scans. We measured OEF within cerebral veins using advanced quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM) MRI reconstructions in 20 acute stroke patients. Absolute OEF was elevated in the affected (29.3 ± 3.4%) versus the contralateral hemisphere (25.5 ± 3.1%) of patients with large diffusion–perfusion lesion mismatch (P = 0.032). In these patients, OEF negatively correlated with relative CBF measured by dynamic susceptibility contrast MRI (P = 0.004), suggesting compensation for reduced flow. Patients with perfusion–diffusion match or no hypo-perfusion showed less OEF difference between hemispheres. Nine patients received longitudinal assessment and showed OEF ratio (affected to contralateral) of 1.2 ± 0.1 at baseline that normalized (decreased) to 1.0 ± 0.1 at follow-up three days later (P = 0.03). Our feasibility study demonstrates that QSM MRI can non-invasively quantify OEF in stroke patients, relates to perfusion status, and is sensitive to OEF changes over time. Clinical trial registration: Longitudinal MRI examinations of patients with brain ischemia and blood brain barrier permeability; clinicaltrials.org : NCT02077582.