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Efficient nitrogen-vacancy centers' fluorescence excitation and collection from micrometer-sized diamond by a tapered optical fiber in endoscope-type configuration.

MPS-Authors
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Duan,  D.
Research Group of Nanoscale Spin Imaging, MPI for Biophysical Chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Kavatamane Rathnakara,  V. K.
Research Group of Nanoscale Spin Imaging, MPI for Biophysical Chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Arumugam,  S. R.
Research Group of Nanoscale Spin Imaging, MPI for Biophysical Chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Balasubramanian,  G.
Research Group of Nanoscale Spin Imaging, MPI for Biophysical Chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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3033392.pdf
(Publisher version), 7MB

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Citation

Duan, D., Du, G. X., Kavatamane Rathnakara, V. K., Arumugam, S. R., Tzeng, Y. K., Chang, H. C., et al. (2019). Efficient nitrogen-vacancy centers' fluorescence excitation and collection from micrometer-sized diamond by a tapered optical fiber in endoscope-type configuration. Optics Express, 27(5), 6734-6745. doi:10.1364/OE.27.006734.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0003-2D84-6
Abstract
Using an optical fiber to both excite the nitrogen-vacancy (NV) center in diamond and collect its fluorescence is essential to build NV-based endoscope-type sensor. Such endoscope-type sensor can reach inaccessible fields for traditional NV-based sensors built by bulky optical components and extend the application areas. Since single NV's fluorescence is weak and can easily be buried in fluorescence from optical fiber core's oxide defects excited by the green laser, fixing a micrometer size diamond containing high-density NVs rather than a nanodiamond containing single NV or several NVs on the apex of an optical fiber to build an endoscope-type sensor is more implementable. Unfortunately, due to small numerical aperture (NA), most of the optical fibers have a low fluorescence collection efficiency, which limits the sensitivity and spatial resolution of the NV-based endoscope-type sensor. Here, using a tapered optical fiber (TOF) tip, we significantly improve the efficiency of the laser excitation and fluorescence collection of the NV ensembles in diamond. This could potentially enhance the sensitivity and spatial resolution of the NV-based endoscope-type sensor. Numerical calculations show that the TOF tip delivers a high NA and has a high NV excitation and fluorescence collection efficiency. Experiments demonstrate that such TOF tip can obtain up to over 7-fold excitation efficiency and over 15-fold fluorescence collection efficiency of that from a flat-ended fiber (non-TOF) tip.