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Journal Article

Formation of Cool and Warm Jets by Magnetic Flux Emerging from the Solar Chromosphere to Transition Region


Peter,  Hardi
Department Sun and Heliosphere, Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research, Max Planck Society;

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Yang, L., Peter, H., He, J., Tu, C., Wang, L., Zhang, L., et al. (2018). Formation of Cool and Warm Jets by Magnetic Flux Emerging from the Solar Chromosphere to Transition Region. The Astrophysical Journal, 852(1): 16. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/aa9996.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0003-324D-F
In the solar atmosphere, jets are ubiquitous at various spatial-temporal scales. They are important for understanding the energy and mass transports in the solar atmosphere. According to recent observational studies, the high-speed network jets are likely to be intermittent but continual sources of mass and energy for the solar wind. Here, we conduct a 2D magnetohydrodynamics simulation to investigate the mechanism of these network jets. A combination of magnetic flux emergence and horizontal advection is used to drive the magnetic reconnection in the transition region between a strong magnetic loop and a background open flux. The simulation results show that not only a fast warm jet, much similar to the network jets, is found, but also an adjacent slow cool jet, mostly like classical spicules, is launched. Differing from the fast warm jet driven by magnetic reconnection, the slow cool jet is mainly accelerated by gradients of both thermal pressure and magnetic pressure near the outer border of the mass-concentrated region compressed by the emerging loop. These results provide a different perspective on our understanding of the formation of both the slow cool jets from the solar chromosphere and the fast warm jets from the solar transition region.