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Journal Article

Black-Hole Remnants from Black-Hole–Neutron-Star Mergers


Zappa,  Francesco
AEI-Golm, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Zappa, F., Bernuzzi, S., Pannarale, F., Mapelli, M., & Giacobbo, N. (2019). Black-Hole Remnants from Black-Hole–Neutron-Star Mergers. Physical Review Letters, 123: 041102. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.041102.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0003-680D-B
Observations of gravitational waves and their electromagnetic counterparts
may soon uncover the existence of coalescing compact binary systems formed by a
stellar-mass black hole and a neutron star. These mergers result in a remnant
black hole, possibly surrounded by an accretion disk. The mass and spin of the
remnant black hole depend on the properties of the coalescing binary. We
construct a map from the binary components to the remnant black hole using a
sample of numerical-relativity simulations of different mass ratios $q$,
(anti-)aligned dimensionless spins of the black hole $a_{\rm BH}$, and several
neutron star equations of state. Given the binary total mass, the mass and spin
of the remnant black hole can therefore be determined from the three parameters
$(q,a_{\rm BH},\Lambda)$, where $\Lambda$ is the tidal deformability of the
neutron star. Our models also incorporate the binary black hole and test-mass
limit cases and we discuss a simple extension for generic black hole spins. We
combine the remnant characterization with recent population synthesis
simulations for various metallicities of the progenitor stars that generated
the binary system. We predict that black-hole-eutrontar mergers produce a
population of remnant black holes with masses distributed around $7M_\odot$ and
$9M_\odot$. For isotropic spin distributions, nonmassive accretion disks are
favoured: no bright electromagnetic counterparts are expected in such mergers.