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Comparison of the 3D structures of mouse and human alpha-synuclein fibrils by it solid-state NMR and STEM.

MPS-Authors
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Giller,  K.
Department of NMR-Based Structural Biology, MPI for biophysical chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Riedel,  D.
Facility for Electron Microscopy, MPI for biophysical chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Becker,  S.
Department of NMR-Based Structural Biology, MPI for biophysical chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Supplementary Material (public)

3052906_Suppl.htm
(Supplementary material), 60KB

Citation

Hwang, S., Fricke, P., Zinke, M., Giller, K., Wall, J. S., Riedel, D., et al. (2019). Comparison of the 3D structures of mouse and human alpha-synuclein fibrils by it solid-state NMR and STEM. Journal of Structural Biology, 206(1), 43-48. doi:10.1016/j.jsb.2018.04.003.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0003-84F8-0
Abstract
Intra-neuronal aggregation of alpha-synuclein into fibrils is the molecular basis for alpha-synucleinopathies, such as Parkinson's disease. The atomic structure of human alpha-synuclein (hAS) fibrils was recently determined by Tuttle et al. using solid-state NMR (ssNMR). The previous study found that hAS fibrils are composed of a single protofilament. Here, we have investigated the structure of mouse alpha-synuclein (mAS) fibrils by STEM and isotope-dilution ssNMR experiments. We found that in contrast to hAS, mAS fibrils consist of two or even three protofilaments which are connected by rather weak interactions in between them. Although the number of protofilaments appears to be different between hAS and mAS, we found that they have a remarkably similar secondary structure and protofilament 3D structure as judged by secondary chemical shifts and intra-molecular distance restraints. We conclude that the two mutant sites between hAS and mAS (positions 53 and 87) in the fibril core region are crucial for determining the quaternary structure of alpha-synuclein fibrils.