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Large anomalous Hall and Nernst effects from nodal line symmetry breaking in Fe2MnX (X = P, As, Sb)

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Noky,  Jonathan
Inorganic Chemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids, Max Planck Society;

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Xu,  Qiunan
Inorganic Chemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids, Max Planck Society;

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Felser,  Claudia
Claudia Felser, Inorganic Chemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids, Max Planck Society;

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Sun,  Yan
Inorganic Chemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Noky, J., Xu, Q., Felser, C., & Sun, Y. (2019). Large anomalous Hall and Nernst effects from nodal line symmetry breaking in Fe2MnX (X = P, As, Sb). Physical Review B, 99(16): 165117, pp. 1-5. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.99.165117.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0003-8A96-8
Abstract
A large Berry curvature in the vicinity of the Fermi energy is required in order to obtain a large anomalous Hall and Nernst effect. This Berry curvature can be induced by Weyl points and gapped nodal lines. One of the possible mechanisms takes place in systems with a symmetry group where mirror planes lead to protected nodal line structures. When these mirror symmetries are broken, e.g., via fixing a magnetization direction, a gap in the former nodal line can create Weyl points and a large Berry curvature along the gapped lines. In this work we study this effect in a minimal effective model and relate the results to the real regular Heusler compounds Fe2MnX (X = P, As, Sb). These materials have three mirror planes in the nonmagnetic case, leading to three nodal lines near the Fermi level. However, dependent on the orientation of the magnetization, some of the mirror planes are broken and the respective lines are gapped, creating large Berry curvature. Because the Fermi level is located in vicinity of the gapped lines, this leads to a large anomalous Hall and Nernst effect, which can be tuned to even higher values with a little bit of doping in the system.