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Journal Article

Morphometric characterization of asymmetric mandibles due to condylar hyperactivity


Toro-Ibacache,  Viviana       
Department of Human Evolution, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Max Planck Society;

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Espinosa, S., Rabanal, C., & Toro-Ibacache, V. (2019). Morphometric characterization of asymmetric mandibles due to condylar hyperactivity. Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, 77(5), 1056-1067. doi:10.1016/j.joms.2018.12.020.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0003-A828-3
Mandibular asymmetry related to condylar hyperactivity (CH) presents a complex set of morphologic features that pose challenges for its correction. Using state-of-the-art morphometric techniques, this report provides a detailed and hierarchical description of the features present in CH-related asymmetric mandibles and offers new knowledge for the surgical treatment of CH.
Materials and Methods
Sixty patients were included in the sample. Thirty had CH-related asymmetric mandibles and the other 30 had clinically symmetric mandibles. Twenty-eight 3-dimensional landmarks were placed on computed tomographically based reconstructions of each participant's mandible and analyzed using geometric morphometric analysis for the quantitative and qualitative comparison of their morphologic features.
All 60 participants exhibited asymmetry. However, those with CH exhibited a broad range of shapes and even shared several morphologic features with the controls. Mainly the ramus and then the body were the main contributors of the differences between groups.
There is considerable overlap of anatomic features characterizing symmetric and asymmetric mandibles; based on shape alone, the 2 groups can be easily misclassified. The ramus and body of the affected side in CH-related asymmetric mandibles were the main contributors to asymmetry of the structure. The chin, a usual diagnostic structure, did not greatly contribute to the structural asymmetry of the mandible.