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Journal Article

Characterization of MCU-Binding Proteins MCUR1 and CCDC90B - Representatives of a Protein Family Conserved in Prokaryotes and Eukaryotic Organelles

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Lupas,  A. N.
Max Planck Institute for Developmental Biology, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Adlakha, J., Karamichali, I., Sangwallek, J., Deiss, S., Bar, K., Coles, M., et al. (2019). Characterization of MCU-Binding Proteins MCUR1 and CCDC90B - Representatives of a Protein Family Conserved in Prokaryotes and Eukaryotic Organelles. Structure, 27(3), 464-475 e6. doi:10.1016/j.str.2018.11.004.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0003-C2CE-A
Abstract
Membrane-bound coiled-coil proteins are important mediators of signaling, fusion, and scaffolding. Here, we delineate a heterogeneous group of trimeric membrane-anchored proteins in prokaryotes and eukaryotic organelles with a characteristic head-neck-stalk-anchor architecture, in which a membrane-anchored coiled-coil stalk projects an N-terminal head domain via a beta-layer neck. Based on sequence analysis, we identify different types of head domains and determine crystal structures of two representatives, the archaeal protein Kcr-0859 and the human CCDC90B, which possesses the most widespread head type. Using mitochondrial calcium uniporter regulator 1 (MCUR1), the functionally characterized paralog of CCDC90B, we study the role of individual domains, and find that the head interacts directly with the mitochondrial calcium uniporter (MCU) and is destabilized upon Ca(2+) binding. Our data provide structural details of a class of membrane-bound coiled-coil proteins and identify the conserved head domain of the most widespread type as a mediator of their function.