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The Good, The Bad, and Something Inbetween: Dopamine in Active Avoidance

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Dayan,  P
Department of Computational Neuroscience, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;
Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Dayan, P. (2019). The Good, The Bad, and Something Inbetween: Dopamine in Active Avoidance. Talk presented at Centro Champalimaud. Lisboa, Portugal. 2019-05-09.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0003-CC82-4
Abstract
In active avoidance tasks, subjects have to learn to execute particular actions in order to avoid an aversive stimulus, such as a shock. Such paradigms pose a number of psychological and neural enigmas, and so have attracted substantial computational interest. However, the ratio of conjecture to confirmation remains high. I will describe the points of contention, and then describe a model of some data from an experiment from Gentry, Lee, and Roesch (2016) who measured phasic dopamine concentrations in the nucleus accumbens core of rats whilst they avoided shocks, acquired food, or acted to gain no programmed outcome. These last, neutral, trials turned out to be a perfect probe for the workings of avoidance, partly because of the substantial differences between subjects and sessions revealed in the experiment.