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Punitive parenting and delinquency : The mediating role of short-term mindsets

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Van Gelder, J.-L., Averdijk, M., Ribeaud, D., & Eisner, M. (2018). Punitive parenting and delinquency: The mediating role of short-term mindsets. British journal of criminology, 58(3), 644-666. doi:10.1093/bjc/azx042.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0004-66BB-7
Abstract
Drawing from life history theory and developmental perspectives, we test the hypothesis that the relation between parental discipline practices and delinquency is explained in part by short-term mindsets. We argue that such practices induce an orientation towards the here-and-now rather than the future, which, in turn, promotes delinquency. We used longitudinal data (N = 1,197) from the Zurich Project on the Social Development from Childhood into Adulthood (z-proso). We distinguished between two types of disciplining practices, corporal and inconsistent punishment, which map onto two main environmental parameters, harshness and unpredictability. Results show that short-term mindsets, operationalized by impulsivity and low future orientation, mediate the relation between corporal and erratic punishment and delinquency, with impulsivity being the most important mediator.