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Journal Article

Statistics of rigid fibers in strongly sheared turbulence


Lohse,  Detlef
Max Planck Institute for Dynamics and Self-Organization, Max Planck Society;

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Bakhuis, D., Mathai, V., Verschoof, R. A., Ezeta, R., Lohse, D., Huisman, S. G., et al. (2019). Statistics of rigid fibers in strongly sheared turbulence. Physical Review Fluids, 4(7): 072301. doi:10.1103/PhysRevFluids.4.072301.

Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0004-57E6-7
Practically all flows are turbulent in nature and contain some kind of irregularly shaped particles, e.g., dirt, pollen, or life forms such as bacteria or insects. The effects of the particles on such flows and vice versa are highly nontrivial and are not completely understood, particularly when the particles are finite sized. Here, we report an experimental study of millimetric fibers in a strongly sheared turbulent flow. We find that the fibers show a preferred orientation of -0.38 pi +/- 0.05 pi (-68 +/- 9 degrees) with respect to the mean flow direction in high-Reynolds-number Taylor-Couette turbulence, for all studied Reynolds numbers, fiber concentrations, and locations. Despite the finite size of the anisotropic particles, we can explain the preferential alignment by using Jefferey's equation, which provides evidence of the benefit of a simplified point-particle approach. Furthermore, the fiber angular velocity is strongly intermittent, again indicative of point-particle-like behavior in turbulence. Thus large anisotropic particles still can retain signatures of the local flow despite classical spatial and temporal filtering effects.