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Journal Article

#### On the trace formula for Hecke operators on congruence subgroups, II

##### Locator

https://doi.org/10.1007/s40687-018-0125-5

(Publisher version)

##### Fulltext (public)

arXiv:1706.02691.pdf

(Preprint), 308KB

##### Supplementary Material (public)

There is no public supplementary material available

##### Citation

Popa, A. A. (2018). On the trace formula for Hecke operators on congruence subgroups,
II.* Research in the Mathematical Sciences,* *5*(1): 3.
doi:10.1007/s40687-018-0125-5.

Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0004-63C3-0

##### Abstract

In a previous paper, we obtained a general trace formula for double coset operators acting on modular forms for congruence subgroups, expressed as a sum over conjugacy classes. Here we specialize it to the congruence subgroups $\Gamma_0(N)$ and $\Gamma_1(N)$, obtaining explicit formulas in terms of class numbers for the trace of a composition of Hecke and Atkin-Lehner operators. The formulas are among the simplest in the literature, and hold without any restriction on the index of the operators. We give two applications of the trace formula for $\Gamma_1(N)$: we determine explicit trace forms for $\Gamma_0(4)$ with Nebentypus, and we compute the limit of the trace of a fixed
Hecke operator as the level $N$ tends to infinity.