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Die Wasserbüffelwirtschaft am mittleren Amazonas aus der Sicht der jüngsten Entwicklungen

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Ohly,  Jörg
Working Group Tropical Ecology, Max Planck Institute for Limnology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Biology, Max Planck Society;

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Ohly_1985.pdf
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Citation

Ohly, J. (1985). Die Wasserbüffelwirtschaft am mittleren Amazonas aus der Sicht der jüngsten Entwicklungen. Amazoniana: Limnologia et Oecologia Regionalis Systematis Fluminis Amazonas, 9(3), 441-457.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0004-7663-8
Abstract
The paper deals with the status and recent development of water buffalo husbandry on the floodplains (vârzea) in the Central Amazon region, in the vicinity of Manaus. A short introduction is given about pasture formation on the so called terra firme of the Amazon basin, in connection with the highly controversal discussion about the agronomical and ecological implications as well as a review of the history of water buffaloes in Brazil and the ungoing research activities. Five recently established water buffalo ranches near Manaus are discussed with respect to animal husbandry and pasture management. It is clearly shown that extensively managed "prestige" farms underutilize the known potential of water buffaloes in meat and milk production and working capacity. It is very unlikely that this kind of buffalo ranching will play a substantial role in the further development of water buffalo husbandry in the region. There is a gap between the promising results achieved in research trials and the reality on farm level. Recent research at the practical level of an existing farm indicates high production parameters. In order to better utilize the animal's potential and to prevent any future ecological damage of the várzea-ecosystem by large-scale land clearing for area-extensive establishments, research should focus on small holding mixed-farms.