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Spectral geometry of the Steklov problem on orbifolds

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Arias-Marco,  Teresa
Max Planck Institute for Mathematics, Max Planck Society;

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Dryden,  Emily B.
Max Planck Institute for Mathematics, Max Planck Society;

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Gordon,  Carolyn S.
Max Planck Institute for Mathematics, Max Planck Society;

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Max Planck Institute for Mathematics, Max Planck Society;

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Ray,  Allie
Max Planck Institute for Mathematics, Max Planck Society;

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Stanhope,  Elizabeth
Max Planck Institute for Mathematics, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Arias-Marco, T., Dryden, E. B., Gordon, C. S., Hassannezhad, A., Ray, A., & Stanhope, E. (2019). Spectral geometry of the Steklov problem on orbifolds. International Mathematics Research Notices, 2019(1), 90-139. doi:10.1093/imrn/rnx117.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0004-79E7-0
Abstract
We consider how the geometry and topology of a compact $n$-dimensional Riemannian orbifold with boundary relates to its Steklov spectrum. In two dimensions, motivated by work of A. Girouard, L. Parnovski, I. Polterovich and D. Sher in the manifold setting, we compute the precise asymptotics of the Steklov spectrum in terms of only boundary data. As a consequence, we prove
that the Steklov spectrum detects the presence and number of orbifold singularities on the boundary of an orbisurface and it detects the number each of smooth and singular boundary components. Moreover, we find that the Steklov spectrum also determines the lengths of the boundary components modulo an equivalence relation, and we show by examples that this result is the best possible. We construct various examples of Steklov isospectral Riemannian
orbifolds which demonstrate that these two-dimensional results do not extend to higher dimensions. In addition, we give two- imensional examples which show that the Steklov spectrum does \emph{not} detect the presence of interior singularities nor does it determine the orbifold Euler characteristic. In fact, a flat disk is Steklov isospectral to a cone.
In another direction, we obtain upper bounds on the Steklov eigenvalues of a
Riemannian orbifold in terms of the isoperimetric ratio and a conformal invariant. We generalize results of B. Colbois, A. El Soufi and A. Girouard, and the fourth author to the orbifold setting; in the process, we gain a sharpness result on these bounds that was not evident in the manifold setting.
In dimension two, our eigenvalue bounds are solely in terms of the orbifold Euler characteristic and the number each of smooth and singular boundary components.