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Tropical deep convection impact on southern winter stationary waves and its modulation by the Quasi-Biennial Oscillation

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Manzini,  Elisa
Minerva Research Group Stratosphere and Climate, The Atmosphere in the Earth System, MPI for Meteorology, Max Planck Society;

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Giorgetta,  Marco A.
Wave Driven Circulations, The Atmosphere in the Earth System, MPI for Meteorology, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Peña-Ortiz, C., Manzini, E., & Giorgetta, M. A. (in press). Tropical deep convection impact on southern winter stationary waves and its modulation by the Quasi-Biennial Oscillation. Journal of Climate, early online release. doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-18-0763.1.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0004-80DB-4
Abstract
The impact of tropical deep convection on southern winter stationary waves and its modulation by the quasi-biennial oscillation (QBO) have been investigated in a long (210 years) climate model simulation and in ERA-Interim reanalysis data for the period 1979-2018. Model results reveal that tropical deep convection over the region of its climatological maximum modulates high latitude stationary planetary waves in the southern winter hemisphere, corroborating the dominant role of tropical thermal forcing in the generation of these waves. In the tropics, deep convection enhancement leads to wavenumber 1 eddy anomalies that reinforce the climatological Rossby-Kelvin wave couplet. The Rossby wave propagates towards the extratropical southern winter hemisphere and upward through the winter stratosphere reinforcing wavenumber 1 climatological eddies. As a consequence, stronger tropical deep convection is related to greater upward wave propagation and, consequently, to a stronger Brewer Dobson circulation and a warmer polar winter stratosphere. This linkage between tropical deep convection and SH winter polar vortex is also found in the ERA-Interim reanalysis. Furthermore, model results indicate that the enhancement of deep convection observed during the easterly phase of the QBO (E-QBO) gives rise to a similar modulation of the southern winter extratropical stratosphere, which suggests that the QBO modulation of convection plays a fundamental role in the transmission of the QBO signature to the southern stratosphere during the austral winter revealing a new pathway for the QBO-SH polar vortex connection. ERA-Interim corroborates a QBO modulation of deep convection, however the shorter data record does not allow to asses its possible impact on the SH polar vortex.