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Journal Article

Dynamical Quantum Phase Transitions in U(1) Quantum Link Models


Heyl,  Markus
Max Planck Institute for the Physics of Complex Systems, Max Planck Society;

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Huang, Y.-P., Banerjee, D., & Heyl, M. (2019). Dynamical Quantum Phase Transitions in U(1) Quantum Link Models. Physical Review Letters, 122(25): 250401. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.122.250401.

Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0004-81AA-A
Quantum link models (QLMs) are extensions of Wilson-type lattice gauge theories which realize exact gauge invariance with finite-dimensional Hilbert spaces. QLMs not only reproduce standard features of Wilson lattice gauge theories in equilibrium, but can also host new phenomena such as crystalline confined phases. The local constraints due to gauge invariance also provide kinetic restrictions that can influence substantially the real-time dynamics in these systems. We aim to characterize the nonequilibrium evolution in lattice gauge theories through the lens of dynamical quantum phase transitions, which provide general principles for real-time dynamics in quantum many-body systems. Specifically, we study quantum quenches for two representative cases, U(1) QLMs in (1 + 1)D and (2 + 1)D, for initial conditions exhibiting long-range order. Finally, we discuss the connection to the high-energy perspective and the experimental feasibility to observe the discussed phenomena in recent quantum simulator settings such as trapped ions, ultracold atoms, and Rydberg atoms.