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Journal Article

A review of the maruins or biting midges of the genus Culicoides (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) in the Amazon Basin

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Wirth_et_al_1973.pdf
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Citation

Wirth, W. W., & Blanton, F. S. (1973). A review of the maruins or biting midges of the genus Culicoides (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) in the Amazon Basin. Amazoniana: Limnologia et Oecologia Regionalis Systematis Fluminis Amazonas, 4(4), 405-470.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0004-9A49-D
Abstract
The "maruins" of the genus Culicoides are important bloodsucking pests in the Amazon rain forests as elsewhere in the world. A key is given for the 60 Amazon species of which 15 are described as new: albuquerquei, atripalpis, batesi, belemensis, carvalhoi, cylindricornis, fittkaui, freitasi, fusipalpis, goeldii, guamai, paramaruim, todatangae, vernoni, and wallacei. Human biting records are presented for 18 species. Two large series of collections from light traps are compared: AITKEN took 44 species in the more fertile várzea region of the APEG Forest at Belém, while FITTKAU collected only 17 species in the nutrient poor headwater streams in Amazonas and Pará. A review is given of Amazon ecology, which may explain this faunal contrast.