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Contrasting southern hemisphere monsoon response: mid-Holocene orbital forcing versus future greenhouse-gas induced global warming

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D'Agostino,  Roberta
Director’s Research Group OES, The Ocean in the Earth System, MPI for Meteorology, Max Planck Society;

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Jungclaus,  Johann H.
Director’s Research Group OES, The Ocean in the Earth System, MPI for Meteorology, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

D'Agostino, R., Brown, J. R., Moise, A., Nguyen, H., Silva Dias, P. L., & Jungclaus, J. H. (2020). Contrasting southern hemisphere monsoon response: mid-Holocene orbital forcing versus future greenhouse-gas induced global warming. Journal of Climate, 33, 9595-9613. doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-19-0672.1.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0007-47A7-D
Abstract
Past changes of Southern Hemisphere (SH) monsoons are less investigated than their northern counterpart because of relatively scarce paleodata. In addition, projections of SH monsoons are less robust than in the Northern Hemisphere. Here, we use an energetic framework to shed lights on the mechanisms determining SH monsoonal response to external forcing: precession change at the mid-Holocene versus future greenhouse gas increase (RCP8.5). Mechanisms explaining the monsoon response are investigated by decomposing the moisture budget in thermodynamic and dynamic components. SH monsoons weaken and contract in the multimodel mean of midHolocene simulations as a result of decreased net energy input and weakening of the dynamic component. In contrast, SH monsoons strengthen and expand in the RCP8.5 multimodel mean, as a result of increased net energy input and strengthening of the thermodynamic component. However, important regional differences on monsoonal precipitation emerge from the local response of Hadley and Walker circulations. In the midHolocene, the combined effect of Walker-Hadley changes explains the landocean precipitation contrast. Conversely, the increased local gross moist stability explains the increased local precipitation and net energy input under circulation weakening in RCP8.5. © 2020 American Meteorological Society.