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Clientelism and Dominance: Evidence from Turkey


Arslantaş,  Düzgün
International Max Planck Research School on the Social and Political Constitution of the Economy, MPI for the Study of Societies, Max Planck Society;

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Arslantaş, D. (2019). Clientelism and Dominance: Evidence from Turkey. PhD Thesis, University of Cologne, Cologne.

Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0004-C16F-6
The aim of this thesis is to develop a number of theoretical ideas about the emergence of the predominant party system in Turkey under the Justice and Development Party (AKP) government from 2002 to 2015. A predominant party system emerges when a party wins at least three elections in a row by more than a 10 percent margin and forms the government alone. I argue that the expansion of clientelist networks under the AKP government has twofold ramifications, which in turn have reproduced the cycle of dominance. First, it strengthened voters’ partisan identification. Second, it changed voters’ ideology such that they became less resistant to or even supportive of neoliberal reforms. The conclusions are based on fieldwork in one of the poorest and most densely populated districts of Istanbul, Bağcılar.