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Journal Article

Enhancing the biocompatibility of siliconepolycarbonate urethane based implant materials


Kemkemer,  Ralf
Cellular Biophysics, Max Planck Institute for Medical Research, Max Planck Society;

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Athanasopulu, K., Kutuzova, L., Thiel, J., Lorenz, G., & Kemkemer, R. (2019). Enhancing the biocompatibility of siliconepolycarbonate urethane based implant materials. Current Directions in Biomedical Engineering, 5(1), 453-456. doi:10.1515/cdbme-2019-0114.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0004-C1CA-E
Polyurethane-bases block copolymers (TPCUs) are block-copolymers with systematically varied soft and hard segments. They have been suggested to serve as material for chondral implants in joint regeneration. Such applications may require the adhesion of chondrocytes to the implant surface, facilitating cell growth while keeping their phenotype. Thus, aims of this work were (i) to modify the surface of soft biostable polyurethane-based model implants (TPCU and TSiPCU) with high-molecular weight hyaluronic acid (HA) using an optimized multistep strategy of immobilization, and (ii) to evaluate bioactivity of the modified TPCUs in vitro. Our results show no cytotoxic potential of the TPCUs. HAbioactive molecules (Mw =700kDa) were immobilized onto the polyurethane surface via polyethylenimine (PEI) spacers, and modifications were confirmed by several characterization methods. Tests with porcine chondrocytes indicated the potential of the TPCU-HA for inducing enhanced cell proliferation.